Past President

List of past presidents

 
No. Year of Presidency Name of President Presided Session at Location Picture Life span (Notes)
1 1885 Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee Bombay WCBonnerjee.jpg 29 December 1844 – 21 July 1906

A barrister who was the co-founder and first president of Indian National Congress presiding over its first session.[14]

2 1886 Dadabhai Naoroji Calcutta Dadabhai Naoroji.jpg 4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917

He was also a member of the Indian National Association founded by Sir Surendranath Banerjee from Calcutta a few years before the founding of the INC in Bombay, with the same objectives and practices.[15] The two groups later merged into the INC, and Naoroji was elected President of the Congress in 1886. Naoroji published Poverty and un-British Rule in India in 1901.[15]

3 1887 Badruddin Tyabji Madras BadruddinTyabji.jpg 10 October 1844 – 19 August 1906
Tyabji was considered a moderate Muslims during the freedom movement of India.[16] He was instrumental in building the national scope of the Congress by working to gain support from both Hindus and Muslims and during his time as President, he focused on uniting the Muslim community.[17] In response to criticisms that Muslims should boycott the Congress, Tyabji declared that he had denounced all communal and sectarian prejudices.[18][19]
4 1888 George Yule Allahabad George Yule.jpg 17 April 1829 – 26 March 1892
A Scottish merchant who served as the fourth President of the Congress and the first non-Indian to hold that office.[20] He was founder of George Yule & Co. of London, and headed Andrew Yule & Co., of Calcutta. He served as Sheriff of Calcutta and as President of the Indian Chamber of Commerce.
5 1889 William Wedderburn Bombay WilliamWedderburn.jpg 25 March 1838 – 25 January 1918

He joined the Indian Civil Service in Bombay and retired as acting Chief Secretary to the Government of Bombay in 1887. He served as its president in 1889 and 1910. He worked along with influential Congress leaders in Bombay and in 1890 he chaired the British committee of the Indian National Congress. He contributed to the Indian Reform Movement through which he promoted national consciousness.[21]

6 1890 Pherozeshah Mehta Calcutta Pherozeshah Mehta 1996 stamp of India.jpg 4 August 1845 – 5 November 1915
7 1891 Anandacharlu Nagpur 5 August 1843 – 4 January 1908
8 1892 Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee WCBonnerjee.jpg 29 December 1844 – 21 July 1906

Becoming a president for a second time[22] he denounced the position that India had to prove for worthiness of political freedom.[23]

9 1893 Dadabhai Naoroji Lahore Dadabhai Naoroji.jpg 4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917

He became the president for a second time. Naoroji published Poverty and un-British Rule in India in 1901.[14]

10 1894 Alfred Webb Madras AlfredWebb.jpg 10 June 1834 – 30 July 1908
11 1895 Surendranath Banerjee Poona Surendranath Banerjee.jpg 10 November 1848 – 6 August 1925
12 1896 Rahimtulla M. Sayani Calcutta RMSayani.jpg 5 April 1847 – 6 June 1902

He was a member of the Congress Executive Committee (Indian Congress Committee) formed in 1899 as one of the representatives from Bombay. As Congress president, his address to the party was notable for its detailed look on the British rule’s economic and financial aspects.[24]

13 1897 C. Sankaran Nair Amaravati SirChetturSankaranNair.jpg 11 July 1857 – 24 April 1934
14 1898 Anandamohan Bose Madras AnandaMohanBose.JPG 23 September 1847 – 20 August 1906
15 1899 Romesh Chunder Dutt Luknow Romesh Chunder Dutt.jpg 13 August 1848 – 30 November 1909
16 1900 N. G. Chandavarkar Lahore N. G. Chandavarkar cyclopedia.png 2 December 1855 – 14 May 1923
17 1901 Dinshaw Edulji Wacha Calcutta DinshawWacha.jpg 2 August 1844 – 18 February 1936
18 1902 Surendranath Banerjee Surendranath Banerjee.jpg 10 November 1848 – 6 August 1925
19 1903 Lalmohan Ghosh Madras 1849 – 18 October 1909
20 1904 Henry Cotton Bombay Henry Cotton.jpg 13 September 1845 – 22 October 1915
21 1905 Gopal Krishna Gokhale Banaras Gopal krishan gokhale.jpg 9 May 1866 – 19 February 1915
22 1906 Dadabhai Naoroji Calcutta Dadabhai Naoroji.jpg 4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917

He was elected president of the Congress for a third time. Naoroji was a staunch moderate within the Congress, during the phase when opinion in the party was split between the moderates and extremists. Naoroji was a mentor to Bal Gangadhar TilakGopal Krishna Gokhale and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

23 1907 Rashbihari Ghosh Surat Rash Bihari Ghosh.jpg 23 December 1845 – 28 February 1921

Originally the session was to be held in Nagpur. But fearing that Lokmanya Tilak of Extremists Group would have the upper hand in Nagpur, the Moderate camp’s leader Gokhale switched the venue to Surat. The Extremists then proposed Lala Lajpat Rai’s name as President but the suggestion was rejected. Tilak was imprisoned in Mandalay from 1908 to 1914, but rejoined Congress after his release.[25]

24 1908 Rashbihari Ghosh Madras Rash Bihari Ghosh.jpg 23 December 1845 – 28 February 1921
25 1909 Madan Mohan Malaviya Lahore Madan Mohan Malaviya 1961 stamp of India.jpg 25 December 1861 – 12 November 1946
26 1910 William Wedderburn WilliamWedderburn.jpg 25 March 1838 – 25 January 1918

He joined the Indian Civil Service in Bombay and retired as acting Chief Secretary to the Government of Bombay in 1887. He served as its president in 1889 and 1910. He worked along with influential Congress leaders in Bombay and in 1890 he chaired the British committee of the Indian National Congress. He contributed to the Indian Reform Movement through which he promoted national consciousness.[21]

27 1911 Bishan Narayan Dar Calcutta 1864 – 19 November 1916
28 1912 Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar 16 May 1857 – 13 January 1921
29 1913 Nawab Syed Muhammad Bahadur 1867 – 12 February 1919
30 1914 Bhupendra Nath Bose 13 January 1859 – 13 September 1924
31 1915 Lord Satyendra Prasanna Sinha Lord Sina.jpg 24 March 1863 – 4 March 1928
32 1916 Ambica Charan Mazumdar Lucknow 1916muzumdar.jpg 1850 – 19 March 1922
33 1917 Annie Besant Calcutta Annie Besant.png 1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933
34 1918 Madan Mohan Malaviya Madan Mohan Malaviya1.jpg 25 December 1861 – 12 November 1946
35 1918 Syed Hasan Imam Syed Hasan Imam.jpg 31 August 1871 – 19 April 1933
36 1919 Motilal Nehru Amritsar MotilalNehru4.jpg 6 May 1861 – 6 February 1931
37 1920 Lala Lajpat Rai Calcutta (special session) Lala lajpat Rai.jpg 28 January 1865 – 17 November 1928
38 1920 C. Vijayaraghavachariar Nagpur C Vijayaraghavachariar 1998 stamp of India.jpg 18 June 1852 – 19 April 1944
39 1921 Chittaranjan Das (President)

Hakim Ajmal Khan (Acting President)

Ahemdabad 1921ajmalkhan.jpg 11 February 1868 – 29 December 1927
40 1922 Chittaranjan Das Gaya Chittaranjan Das.JPG 5 November 1870 – 16 June 1925
41 1923 Mohammad Ali Jouhar Mohammad Ali Jauhar 1978 stamp of India.jpg 10 December 1878 – 4 January 1931
42 1923 Abul Kalam Azad Delhi Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.jpg 11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958
43 1924 Mahatma Gandhi Belgaum Portrait Gandhi.jpg 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948
44 1925 Sarojini Naidu Kanpur Sarojini Naidu 1964 stamp of India.jpg 13 February 1879 – 2 March 1949
45 1926 S. Srinivasa Iyengar Guwahati S. Srinivasa Iyengar.jpg 11 September 1874 – 19 May 1941
46 1927 Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari Madras Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari 1980 stamp of India.jpg 25 December 1880 – 10 May 1936
47 1928 Motilal Nehru Calcutta MotilalNehru4.jpg 6 May 1861 – 6 February 1931
48 1929 & 30 Jawaharlal Nehru Lahore Jnehru.jpg 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964
49 1931 Vallabhbhai Patel Karachi Sardar patel (cropped).jpg 31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950
50 1932 Madan Mohan Malaviya Madan Mohan Malaviya1.jpg 25 December 1861 – 12 November 1946
51 1933 Nellie Sengupta Nellie and Jatindra Mohan Sengupta 1985 stamp of India.jpg 12 January 1884 – 23 October 1973

She was elected President by the party for her contribution to the party and the country. In 1933 and 1936, she was elected as an alderman in the Calcutta Corporation.[26]

52 1934 & 35 Rajendra Prasad Bombay Rajendra Prasad (Indian President), signed image for Walter Nash (NZ Prime Minister), 1958 (16017609534).jpg 3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963
53 1936 Jawaharlal Nehru Lucknow and Faizpur Jnehru.jpg 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964
54 1937
55 1938 Subhas Chandra Bose Haripura, Gujarat Subhas Chandra Bose NRB.jpg 23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945

He had a view that the INC “should be organised on the boradest anti-imperialist front with the two fold objective of winning political freedom and the establishment of a socialist regime.”[27]

56 1939 Subhas Chandra Bose (resigned)
Rajendra Prasad replaced Bose after
the session.
TripuriJabalpur districtMadhya Pradesh (Then in Central Provinces and Berar) Subhas Chandra Bose NRB.jpg Rajendra Prasad (Indian President), signed image for Walter Nash (NZ Prime Minister), 1958 (16017609534).jpg 23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945
57 1940–45 Abul Kalam Azad Ramgarh Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.jpg 11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958
57 1946 Jawaharlal Nehru Jnehru.jpg 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964

One month after his election as the president, he was asked to head the Interim Government. After which the post of the party president and the head of the Interim government was split. Nehru resigned as the president of INC and headed the Government.[28]

58 1947 J. B. Kripalani Meerut Acharya Kripalani 1989 stamp of India.jpg 11 November 1888 – 19 March 1982

He had served as the General Secretary of the INC for almost a decade. He had experience working in the field of education and was made the president to rebuild the INC. Disputes between the party and the Government over procedural matters affected his relationship with the colleagues in the Government.[28]

59 1948 & 49 Pattabhi Sitaraimayya Jaipur Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya 1997 stamp of India.jpg 24 December 1880 – 17 December 1959

The Governor of Madhya Pradesh from 1952–57, Sitaraimayya successfully ran for the president’s post with the support of Jawaharlal Nehru. Sitaramayya was one of the leaders who demanded the need for a separate state that went on to become Andhra Pradesh. He founded the Andhra Bank in Machilipatnam in 1923.

60 1950 Purushottam Das Tandon Purushottam Das Tandon 1982 stamp of India.jpg 1 August 1882 – 1 July 1962

Tandon won against J.B Kripalani in the 1950 elections, but soon resigned from the post because of differences he had with Nehru. Tandon was also instrumental in making sure that Hindi received official language status.

61 1951 & 52 Jawaharlal Nehru Jnehru.jpg 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964
62 1953
63 1954
64 1955 U. N. Dhebar 21 September 1905 – 11 March 1977

The Chief Minister of Saurashtra from 1948–54, Dhebar held a four-year term as Congress president. In 1962, he was elected to the Lok Sabha from Rajkot.

65 1956
66 1957
67 1958
68 1959
69 1959 Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi in 1967.jpg 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984
70 1960 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy NeelamSanjeevaReddy.jpg 19 May 1913 – 1 June 1996

Reddy served as the Congress president thrice. After he lost the 1969 Presidential elections to V.V. Giri, he retired from active politics for a while. But he was elected to Lok Sabha in 1977, and became President of India later that year.

71 1961
72 1962 & 63
73 1964 K. Kamaraj K Kamaraj 1976 stamp of India.jpg 15 July 1903 – 2 October 1975

The third Chief Minister of Madras State (Tamil Nadu), he was the leader of the Congress (O) when the party split up after Indira Gandhi’s elevation to the presidency, a post he remained in until his death in 1975. Kamraj served as president from 1965-68.

74 1965
75 1966 & 67
76 1968–1969 S. Nijalingappa Hyderabad, Faridabad Snijalingappa.jpg 10 December 1902 – 9 August 2000

Nijalingappa was the last President of the undivided Congress party, and during the split, he ended up on the side of the Syndicate. He was elected to the first Lok Sabha from the Chitradurga constituency in 1952.

77 1970 & 71 Jagjivan Ram Jagjivan Ram 1991 stamp of India.jpg 5 April 1908 – 6 July 1986

Ram was a president of the party between 1970-71. Later, he formed his own party, naming it Congress (J) and remained an MP until his death.

78 1972–74 Shankar Dayal Sharma Shankar Dayal Sharma 36.jpg 19 August 1918 – 26 December 1999
79 1975–77 Devakanta Barua Dev Kant Baruah.jpg 22 February 1914 – 28 January 1996
80 1977–1978 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 2011 stamp of India.jpg 28 July 1909 – 20 May 1994
81 1978–83 Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi in 1967.jpg 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984

She led a dominant faction of Congress called ‘Indira Congress’ from 1978 to 1984. After her death, other factions gradually merged back with Congress (Indira), and the party became known as simply ‘Congress’ again.

82 1983 & 84
83 1985–91 Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi (cropped).jpg 20 August 1944 – 21 May 1991
84 1991–96 P. V. Narasimha Rao Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 28 June 1921 – 23 December 2004
85 1996–98 Sitaram Kesri With Sita Ram Kesari and Menka Gandhi.jpg 15 November 1919 – 24 October 2000
86 1998–2017 Sonia Gandhi Sonia Gandhi (cropped).jpg 9 December 1946
87 2017–2019 Rahul Gandhi Rahul Gandhi.jpg 19 June 1970
88 2019– Sonia Gandhi Sonia Gandhi (cropped).jpg 9 December 1946[29]